Subterranean termites live in underground colonies or in moist secluded areas above ground that can contain up to 2 million members. They build distinctive “mud tubes” to gain access to food sources and to protect themselves from open air. Termite colonies are organized into social groups depending on tasks—workers, soldiers and reproductives. The characteristics of a subterranean termite are dependent on the termite’s role in the colony. Worker’s are cream-colored and are 1/8 to 3/8’s of an inch in length. Soldier’s have cream color bodies and brown heads and are distinguished by their powerful mandibles. Reproductive subterranean termites are approximately one inch long.
Subterranean termites live underground and build tunnels referred to as mud tubes, to reach food sources. Like other termite species, they feed on products containing wood. Subterranean termites swarm in the spring and groups of reproductive termites go off to start new colonies.
Subterranean termites need contact with the soil to survive and live underground. They can build tunnels through cracks in concrete.
Subterranean termites are by far the most destructive species. They can collapse a building entirely, meaning possible financial ruin for a homeowner. The hard, saw-toothed jaws of termites work like shears and are able to bite off extremely small fragments of wood, one piece at a time.
If you suspect infestation, contact a pest professional about subterranean termite treatment. Ask you pest professional if they install InCide® Pest Control Insulation. InCide® installed in the attic and walls of your home will kill subterranean termites upon contact and lower utility costs.